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Honorary Consulat General of the
Maldives in Germany

 
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Historical background of the Maldives    

before 1153:

Ruins of temples are a sign of the distribution/spread of Buddhist religion.

1153

Conversion from Buddhism to Islam. Establishment of sultanate. First sultan of the Maldives: Mohammed Ibn Abdullah (1141 - 1166, disappeared on pilgrimage to Mecca).
Islam becomes official religion. 93 monarchs reign from 1153 until 1953 (89 sultans and 4 sultanas).

1558 -1573

The Portuguese conquer Male, Sultan Ali Vi (1557 - 1558) died in fights.
In this period there was the only longer occupation of the Maldives by a foreign mastery. After 15 years of Portuguese power Mohammed Takurufan (sultan from 1573 - 1585) and his two brothers lead the Maldives to liberation. Nowadays Sultan Takurufan is worshiped as the biggest hero of the Maldives.

1887

Contract of protectorate with England (signed on 16th of December). Rights of protection by England - Sultan has to do his toll.

1932

First constitution (Constitutional Sultanate)

1947

Last payment of tribute to Great Britain

1953

First republic. President Mohammed Amin Didi (died in 1954)

1965

Independence of the Maldives (26.07.1965) - Full member of the UNO

11.11.1968

Second Republic (Republic of Presidency by popular vote
President Ibrahim Nasir

1972

Official visit by Queen Elisabeth II

1976

The Maldives become a member of the Non-aligned Nations.

1978 - 1983

President Mamoon Abdul Gayoom

1983 - 1988

President Mamoon Abdul Gayoom

1988

try of putsch with no success

1988 - 1993

President Mamoon Abdul Gayoom

1993 - 1999

President Mamoon Abdul Gayoom

The role of women in the history of the Maldives

Women were always playing a significant role in the historical development of the Maldives. The were familiar with the processing of fish, the production of floor mats, the collection of mussels (first currency in Africa, Asia, etc.), the production of ropes made of coconuts and the production of palm tree wine (toddy). In addition to this they were taking care about the houses.